The widespread belief that only the elderly are prone to joint arthrosis is fundamentally wrong. The disease has different etiologies and can affect people of all ages, genders and professions.
Among the reasons that contribute to the development of joint arthrosis, the following can be distinguished:
- primary arthrosis (congenital weakness of the prone articular);
- professional activities (playing sports, dancing, hard physical work);
- diseases that cause metabolic disorders;
- mechanical deformation of the joints (wearing tight shoes or not fitted properly);
- genetic predisposition.
The disease is characterized by critical thinning of the articular cartilage and deformation of the joint itself, which causes severe pain in the patient and significantly reduces motor activity. According to the WHO, arthrosis is one of the leading causes of disability and disability worldwide.
Symptoms and complications of arthrosis
Osteoarthritis can affect both large joints (knees, hips, elbows, etc. ), and small: joints of the hands, fingers, feet. In the early stages of the disease, pain in the joints appears, which becomes worse as the disease progresses. During lengthening-flexing the joint, cracks can be heard and movement becomes difficult. Progressive arthrosis causes the joint to enlarge and the area around the affected joint to become overly sensitive to touch, cold and heat.
In addition to severe pain and joint deformities, which lead to cosmetic defects, untreated joint arthrosis causes serious complications. Full treatment delays with the development of such diseases:
- periarthritis (acute inflammation of the tissues around the diseased joint);
- synovitis (inflammation of the articular membranes);
- coxarthrosis (irreversible damage to the hip joint).
Complications of joint arthrosis, in turn, result in complete joint disability, which can be the initial stage of severe deformity.
Treatment of joint arthrosis
The following methods are used in the treatment of arthrosis:
With drug methods, treatment of arthrosis aims to improve cartilage nutrition and relieve pain syndromes (introduction of special nutrient gels to the periarticular area and additional intake of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, gout and homeopathic medicines).
Physiotherapy methods aim to increase the blood supply to the joint and its movement, as well as increase the effect of drug therapy. The list of physiotherapeutic agents includes:
- Ultrasound therapy;
- mud therapy;
- radon and hydrogen sulfide baths;
- pulse therapy;
- laser therapy, etc.
Surgical treatment methods aim to eliminate bone formation, which causes joint arthrosis and normalizes joint size. This method is used only in combination with drug treatment and physiotherapy, because the doctor's job is to eliminate the cause of arthrosis and reduce the risk of recurrence.
The diagnostic and clinical treatment base provides an accurate determination of the cause of the development of joint arthrosis, the degree of joint damage, and also guarantees the selection of the optimal treatment plan for each patient individually. Clinical equipment allows the use of the most modern technologies for the treatment of arthrosis, which aims for the most rapid and effective removal of the disease.