How to help yourself with osteochondrosis

Osteochondritis of the spine

An inactive lifestyle or, conversely, physical exertion, trauma and postural disorders have a negative effect on the spine. The result is osteochondrosis, a chronic degenerative-dystrophic disease of the vertebral and intervertebral discs. To one degree or another, pathology is present in every elderly person, but at the same time, there is a tendency for the emergence of the disease earlier - in people aged 30-40 years. Although osteochondrosis is an irreversible disease, its manifestations can be reduced and quality of life can be significantly improved. We will discuss what you can do next.



What is osteochondrosis?

With this disease, deformation and destruction of the vertebrae are observed. In addition, atrophic changes occur in the intervertebral discs - they flatten, rupture, and stop performing shock -absorbing functions. As a result, the vertebral body can touch and squeeze the nerve endings. Pathology is accompanied by pain, limitation of joint movement and other symptoms.

Depending on the lesion area, osteochondrosis of the cervical, thoracic and lumbar regions are distinguished. Often, diseases of the first and third types occur - in the zone at the transition of static and moving parts of the spine. This is the spine of the neck and lower back that experiences increased stress and, consequently, degenerative changes.

The cause of the disease

Physical inactivity and bad habits give rise to the appearance of osteochondrosis

Osteochondrosis is often called a disease of civilization. The life of modern people does not require vigorous physical activity, so many people face problems such as a reduction in muscle tone. Weak muscles are unable to support the spine in the correct position, and posture problems begin. If we add to this the static load on the spinal space during inactive work or standing, as well as overweight and bad habits, then the reasons for the development of osteochondrosis in many people under the age of 40 become clear.




The emergence of this disease is facilitated by:

  • back injuries;
  • excessive load on irregular strength training;
  • bending when walking, uneven sitting habits;
  • frequent weight lifting with loads on the back, and not on the legs;
  • shock loads on the spine (e. g. , in transport drivers).

In addition, osteochondrosis can occur as a result of hereditary predisposition, some diseases of the endocrine system, as well as other diseases of the musculoskeletal system. In its development, the pathology goes through several stages, so it is very important to pay attention to the slightest change in well -being.

Symptoms of osteochondrosis

One of the symptoms of osteochondrosis is back pain.

The early stage of development of this disease is chondrosis. At this stage, degenerative changes only affect the intervertebral disc. A small number of patients notice symptoms of chondrosis:

  • common back and neck pain;
  • slight difficulty turning the head;
  • postural disorders (bending, lifting one shoulder relative to the other, bending the lower back forward, etc. )
  • fast fat.

These symptoms may appear at a young age (20-25 years), but do not cause severe discomfort. More pronounced symptoms of osteochondrosis appear after about 35 years due to the development of complications. In this case, the patient is already aware of severe pain, which can be local and distant.

In case of damage to the cervical spine

In case of damage to the lumbar spine

  • tinnitus, dizziness;
  • visual impairment;
  • throbbing pain in the back of the head and parietal area;
  • numbness and tightness in the neck in the morning;
  • speech disorders, decreased sensitivity of the tongue;
  • pain and numbness in the clavicle and shoulder area;
  • radiating pain from the neck and scapula to the elbows and fingers.
  • interesting, sometimes sharp pain in the lower back and sacrum, which does not disappear even at night;
  • if the sciatic nerve is affected, the pain syndrome radiates to the hip;
  • tingling and numbness in the pelvic area;
  • movement limitations, difficulty walking, changing body position in supine position.

Diagnosis of osteochondrosis

A neurologist diagnoses osteochondrosis with an x-ray of the spine

The disease is detected by a neurologist or vertebrologist based on patient complaints and data from a number of examinations:

  • X-ray of the spine and its parts separated in two projections;
  • magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

In addition, patients may need to consult with therapists and other specialist physicians about chronic diseases that may have similar symptoms or exacerbate the course of osteochondrosis. For example, pain under the scapula and collarbone can provoke cardiovascular disease.


Tablets and vitamins for osteochondrosis

To relieve pain, relieve muscle cramps, and reduce inflammation, doctors may prescribe analgesics in the form of pills and injections. Long -term use of the pill is not allowed, as side effects may arise. In accordance with the instructions, you can take the drug no more than 5-7 days in a row, after which other actions are required.

When nerve roots are squeezed in various parts of the spine, not only pain can occur, but also cramps, muscle tension. Experts believe that this is the body’s response to pain. Muscle relaxation is prescribed to relax the muscles. According to the instructions, the funds increase peripheral blood flow, reduce cramps and spasms.

With chondrosis and osteochondrosis, damaged cartilage tissue and intervertebral discs require special nutrition and rehabilitation. For this purpose, doctors may prescribe chondroprotectors. Such drugs require long-term administration, treatment is usually at least two months.

With osteochondrosis, tissue trophism usually worsens, patients may experience migraines and other complications. To improve blood circulation, antispasmodics and vasodilators are prescribed. Medications help restore capillary blood flow, because, over time, skin sensitivity is restored if it has been disturbed.

For osteochondrosis and other diseases of the spine and musculoskeletal system, vitamins are prescribed without fail. The most important of these is PP, or nicotinic acid. This drug helps reduce blood cholesterol, ensures oxidative reactions and a normal reduction in tissues.

In addition to vitamin PP, doctors may prescribe retinol, tocopherols, B vitamins, etc.

Restrictions for osteochondrosis

Anesthetic restriction for osteochondrosis

If severe muscle pain appears, interfering with movement and affecting a person’s performance, then restriction is performed. In this case, the doctor injects the drug directly into the projection of the spinal nerve fibers.

Relief of pain and cramps occurs momentarily, but this is a temporary measure. Patients need comprehensive treatment that eliminates not only the symptoms, but also the pathological causes. Depending on the instructions, patients may be given pills, ointments, physiotherapy, etc.


Ointment that helps with osteochondrosis

To maintain the effect of tablet use and relieve pain, the doctor may prescribe painkillers and warming ointments. The effect is achieved by increasing blood flow to the affected area, i. e. improving tissue nutrition.

There are less aggressive anti-inflammatory ointments, the drug penetrates deep into the tissues, suppresses the inflammatory process and relieves pain.

When the inflammatory process has subsided, it is permissible to use chondroprotectors in the form of ointments. Although these are drugs for external use, they can stop the degenerative process in the spinal joints. In addition, chondroprotectors stimulate the production of intra-articular secretions and have a mild analgesic effect.

The complex ointment aims to reduce inflammation, relieve pain, prevent blood clots, and restore damaged tissue. At the same time, broad-spectrum ointments are usually prescribed with caution, as each patient may have certain contraindications to one of the effects of the drug.

Although there are medications listed in pharmacies, it is impossible to buy them without a doctor’s prescription and the medication itself. Each drug has a variety of specific indications and contraindications that must be taken into account.

Herbs for bath healing for osteochondrosis

Healing bath for osteochondrosis

Water therapy is an excellent complement to other treatments for diseases of the joints and spine. Bathing with the addition of herbs and salt helps reduce the frequency of acute pain attacks and has a general strengthening effect. You can add water:

  • sea salt
  • conifer extract
  • juniper

Diet and nutrition for osteochondrosis

Proper nutrition for osteochondrosis

Proper eating habits help prevent many diseases. Osteochondrosis can also be caused by being overweight. Losing weight reduces stress on the spine and cartilage tissue.

With osteochondrosis, it is important to monitor the caloric content of food and give preference to products of plant origin. Experts recommend eating foods rich in trace elements such as zinc, cobalt, iron, calcium, magnesium.





Yes

It's impossible

Jelly meat and fish of low -fat types, jelly, low -fat meat broth.

Fried meat and fish, convenience store, smoked meats, sausages, smoked meats.

Low fat milk, cottage cheese, hard cheese, milk porridge.

Heavy cream, sour cream, margarine.

Cabbage, beets, salad, carrots, tomatoes, cucumbers, broccoli, peppers.

Radish, radish, radish, celery, herb.

Black bread.

Pastries, white flour bread and rolls.

Fermented milk drinks, fresh fruit and vegetable juices, smoothies, herbal teas.

Sweet carbonated drinks, strong tea and black coffee, alcohol.

Dried fruits and nuts.

Pickles and pickles.

Berry and fruit jelly.

Sweet candy.

Osteochondrosis is a complex disease that is difficult to treat. It is best to see a doctor at the first signs of illness, if the prescribed therapy will be most effective. Spinal diseases are the most difficult to treat in the final stages. With further osteochondrosis, hospital treatment or surgery may be required. At the same time, don’t give up. Modern medicine and pharmacology offer an adequate means to ensure that patients with musculoskeletal diseases are able to maintain good health and quickly get rid of acute attacks.